Just like any other hobby, candle making is a great way to use your skill and imagination, and more you learn, better you get at it. Some of the basic supplies required to make candles are wax, wicks, wax melter, containers or mold, fragrances, putty for molds, dyes and candle making thermometer. However, 100% Soy wax is not a good choice for making candles as it can crack when the candle cools. Soy wax is made from soybeans, is all natural and cleans easily with water and soap.
While heating the candle wax, keep in mind that it is a flammable material with fairly low flash point. Choice of wick is another important consideration when making candles, and the size of wick is determined by the width of the container, not by the height of the candle. Thin wicks absorb less liquid wax and hence produce smaller flame and less vapor fuel whereas, thicker wick produces larger flame and absorbs more wax. Most people burn candles for the fragrance they provide, and hence it is very important to use good quality fragrance oil.
Once the wax melts, you can add the fragrance and color as per your choice, but make sure that you use the good quality ingredients to ensure the best burning quality. To make the molded candles, you need to cut the wick approximately two inches taller than the candle height, thread it through the hole at the bottom of the mold and then use the putty to plug the outside of the hole.
If you want to add more color, use a thicker wick, else it will turn into a mushroom shape. If the mold is plastic, cardboard, or glass, heat the wax up to 130 degrees Fahrenheit, and if the mold is metallic, heat the wax to 190 degrees Fahrenheit.
A reliable and accurate scale is essential while making a candle as you need to measure out the wax by weight. You need to let it cool for almost 12 hours, refrigerate for twelve more hours, and finally remove the candle. You can use hammer to break the blocks of wax into pieces, however, some people also use sharp wood chisel to cut the wax. You can melt the wax using a wooden spoon.
Whether you are a novice or an experienced candle maker, you can find the courses that can match your level of skill. To make small container candles, use the pre-tabbed wicks by placing them in the middle of the votive candle containers or molds, then put the wax mixture in it, and let it stand for few hours.
Wax soluble dyes can be used to give the color to the candles, or you can also use wax crayons or poster paints instead of readymade wax dyes. Candle making is an art, and you can use paints, dyes, and decorations such as leaves, flowers, buttons, beads etc. to create decorative candles.